洁净煤技术

2020, v.26;No.130(06) 45-52

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基于区域生态安全的东部草原煤电基地适应性管理研究
Study on the adaptive management of eastern grassland coal and power base based on regional ecological security

马妍;马妍;李淑祎;王子源;孙翔;张萌;韩志远;田雨歌;陆兆华;
MA Yan;MA Yan;LI Shuyi;WANG Ziyuan;SUN Xiang;ZHANG Meng;HAN Zhiyuan;TIAN Yuge;LU Zhaohua;School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering,China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing;Guorui Ward Low Carbon Economy and Technology Center;Guangzhou Sewage Purification Company Limited;School of Resource and Environment and Materials,Guanxi University;

摘要(Abstract):

为达到区域生态保护和经济发展的最佳平衡,从煤电基地环境问题的系统性与复杂性出发,探讨基于区域生态安全的煤电基地适应性管理理论。对管理对象、目标、内容进行深入探讨,构建适应性管理理论框架。确定包括资源开发目标、经济效益目标以及生态效益目标在内的管理目标;明晰管理内容主要包括区域生态安全评价、适应性管理建议以及管理方案的调整;建立具有反馈功能的适应性管理框架。以东部草原锡林郭勒盟煤电基地为例,使基于区域生态安全的煤电基地适应性管理理论逐渐明晰并趋向具体,也为东部草原区域煤电基地生态安全的评价与预测提供参考。结果表明:锡林郭勒盟生态安全协调性差,整体生态承载力与生态系统服务价值仍需提升;针对锡林郭勒区域生态安全问题应进一步针对生态系统耦合、协同情况,从空间尺度上分析锡林郭勒盟生态安全协调程度;应相应调整土地利用现状,建立新型土地利用格局,最大程度减少人为干扰和破坏。
In order to achieve the best balance between regional ecological protection and economic development,the adaptive management theory of coal power base was discussed based on regional ecological security,starting from the systematicness and complexity of environmental problems in coal power base.The management objects,objectives and contents were discussed in depth,and the theoretical framework of adaptive management was constructed.The management objectives including resource development objectives,economic benefits objectives and ecological benefits objectives were determined; the management contents mainly include regional ecological security assessment,adaptive management suggestions and adjustment of management schemes; and the adaptive management framework with feedback function is established.Taking the coal power base in Xilinguole League of eastern grassland as an example,the adaptive management theory of coal power base based on regional ecological security is gradually clear and tends to be specific,which also provides reference for the evaluation and prediction of ecological security of coal power base in eastern grassland.The results show that: the coordination of ecological security in Xilinguole League is poor,and the overall ecological carrying capacity and ecosystem service value still need to be improved; in the view of the regional ecological security problems in Xilinguole,the coordination degree of ecological security in Xilinguole League should be further analyzed in terms of the coupling and coordination of ecosystem; the current situation of land use should be adjusted and a new land use pattern Bureau should be established to minimize human interference and destruction.

关键词(KeyWords): 煤电基地;区域生态安全;适应性管理;东部草原
coal-fired power base;regional ecological security;adaptive management;eastern grasslands

Abstract:

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基金项目(Foundation): 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2016FYC0501108)

作者(Author): 马妍;马妍;李淑祎;王子源;孙翔;张萌;韩志远;田雨歌;陆兆华;
MA Yan;MA Yan;LI Shuyi;WANG Ziyuan;SUN Xiang;ZHANG Meng;HAN Zhiyuan;TIAN Yuge;LU Zhaohua;School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering,China University of Mining and Technology-Beijing;Guorui Ward Low Carbon Economy and Technology Center;Guangzhou Sewage Purification Company Limited;School of Resource and Environment and Materials,Guanxi University;

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DOI: 10.13226/j.issn.1006-6772.EP20090901

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