洁净煤技术

2020, v.26;No.130(06) 53-57

[打印本页] [关闭]
本期目录(Current Issue) | 过刊浏览(Past Issue) | 高级检索(Advanced Search)

基于层次分析法的煤炭资源型城市生态环境质量动态评价
Dynamice valuation on eco-environmental quality of coal resource-based cities based on analytical hierarchy process

李汉卿;陈立强;竹涛;
LI Hanqing;CHEN Liqiang;ZHU Tao;Institute of Huai River Water Resources Protection;Institute of Atmospheric Environmental Management and Pollution Control,China University of Mining & Technology-Beijing;

摘要(Abstract):

煤炭资源型城市是指依托煤炭资源开发利用而兴建并发展起来的城市。随着长期的煤炭资源开发利用,生态环境质量恶化逐渐成为制约煤炭资源型城市发展的重要因素。因此,对煤炭资源型城市的生态环境质量进行动态评价,能够使决策者明确煤炭资源型城市生态环境变化情况,找出其制约因素,为生态环境质量改善和城市转型发展提供技术支撑。以煤炭资源型城市淮南市为例,采用层次分析法,从自然环境、社会经济环境、环境污染治理3方面构建煤炭资源型城市生态环境质量动态评价指标体系和生态环境质量综合指数模型。在此基础上,结合淮南市实际情况,对淮南市2010—2018年生态环境质量进行动态评价,根据评价结果提出进一步改善淮南市生态环境质量的建议。结果表明,2010—2018年淮南市生态环境质量综合指数总体呈现波动式上升趋势,其中2013—2015年略微下滑,2015年以后逐渐上升。但总体上淮南市生态环境质量正趋于改善。为了进一步改善生态环境质量,淮南市需立足"十四五",做好顶层设计,优化产业结构,构建双轮驱动的现代产业体系,积极推进以采煤塌陷区治理为重点的生态环境建设,将自然环境保护与环境污染治理并重,从而保障生态环境质量的持续向好。
Coal resource-based cities refer to the cities built and developed relying on the exploitation and utilization of coal resources.With the long-term development and utilization of coal resources,the deterioration of the quality of the ecological environment has increasingly become an important factor restricting the development of coal resource-based cities. Therefore,the dynamic evaluation of the ecological environment quality of coal resource-based cities can enable decision-makers to clarify the changes in the ecological environment of coal resource-based cities,find out its restrictive factors,and provide technical support for the improvement of ecological environment quality and urban transformation and development.Taking Huainan City as an example,the dynamic evaluation index system and the comprehensive index model of ecological environment quality of coal resource-based cities were constructed from three aspects of the natural environment,social and economic environment,environmental pollution control by Using Analytic Hierarchy Process( AHP). On this basis,combined with the actual situation of Huainan City,the ecological environment quality of Huainan City from 2010 to 2018 was dynamically evaluated. According to the evaluation results,suggestions for further improving the ecological environment quality of Huainan City were put forward.The results show that the ecological environment quality of Huainan City shows a fluctuating upward trend from 2010 to 2018,which declines slightly from 2013 to 2015,and gradually increases after 2015. But overall,the ecological environment quality of Huainan City is improving. In order to further improve the quality of the ecological environment,Huainan needs to be based on the " 14 th Five-Year Plan",completes the top-level design,optimize the industrial structure,build a two-wheel drive modern industrial system,and actively promote the ecological environment construction focusing on the treatment of coal mining subsidence areas,pay equal attention to natural environmental protection and environmental pollution control,so as to guarantee the quality of the ecological environment continues to improve.

关键词(KeyWords): 层次分析法;煤炭资源型城市;生态环境质量
analytical hierarchy process(AHP);coal resource-based city;eco-environmental quality

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 中央引导地方科技发展专项资助项目(19943816G);; 中央高校基本科研业务专项基金资助项目(2009QH03);; 山西省揭榜招标项目(20191101007)

作者(Author): 李汉卿;陈立强;竹涛;
LI Hanqing;CHEN Liqiang;ZHU Tao;Institute of Huai River Water Resources Protection;Institute of Atmospheric Environmental Management and Pollution Control,China University of Mining & Technology-Beijing;

Email:

DOI: 10.13226/j.issn.1006-6772.EP20100901

参考文献(References):

文章评论(Comment):

序号(No.) 时间(Time) 反馈人(User) 邮箱(Email) 标题(Title) 内容(Content)
反馈人(User) 邮箱地址(Email)
反馈标题(Title)
反馈内容(Content)
扩展功能
本文信息
服务与反馈
本文关键词相关文章
本文作者相关文章
中国知网
分享